View points of an ecologist on practical environmental ethic: socioecology, common-pool resources and conservation

Autor:Juan Carlos Castilla
Cargo:Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Centro Interdisciplinario de Cambio Global
Páginas:120-131
RESUMEN

The paper centers on environmental practical ethic point of views according to a professional ecologist. Ecology and the science of Socio-ecology are defined. The framework of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment initiative (MA 2003), including the use of ecosystems as the environmental unit of analysis, ecosystem services and human well-being as the center for assessment are discussed. Common-pool... (ver resumen completo)

 
EXTRACTO GRATUITO
Juan Carlos Castilla Ecologists viEw points on EnvironmEntal Ethic
Cuadernos de BioétiCa XXVii 2016/3ª
403
VIEW POINTS OF AN ECOLOGIST ON
PRACTICAL ENVIRONMENTAL ETHIC: SOCIO
ECOLOGY, COMMONPOOL RESOURCES AND
CONSERVATION
PUNTOS DE VISTA DE UN ECOLOGO SOBRE ÉTICA AMBIENTAL
PRÁCTICA: SOCIOECOLOGÍA, RECURSOS DE ACCESO COMÚN Y
CONSERVACIÓN
JUAN CARLOS CASTILLA
Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Centro Interdisciplinario de Cambio Global.
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Casilla 114-D. Santiago, Chile
jcastilla@bio.puc.cl
SUMMARY:
The paper centers on environmental practical ethic point of views according to a professional ecologist.
Ecology and the science of Socio-ecology are defined. The framework of the Millennium Ecosystem Assess-
ment initiative (MA 2003), including the use of ecosystems as the environmental unit of analysis, ecosystem
services and human well-being as the center for assessment are discussed. Common-pool resources (CPR)
and the allegory of the tragedy of the commons are used to illustrate main scientific and ethical environ-
mental approaches, and above all to highlight the case of climate change, considering “air-atmosphere”
as a CPR. The need to adopt practical personal environmental ethical positions is highlighted. Furthermore,
on climate change, a discussion on the need to develop environmental and socio-ecological polycentric
approaches: top-down and bottom-up, is included. An updated discussion on the concept of conservation,
including main scientific and ethic points of view, is presented. Pope Francis’s Encyclical, Laudato Si’, is used
to highlight environmental, socio-ecological and ethical aspects behind the comprehensive concept of
Integral Ecology. The paper ends with a short synthesis on Earth modern unseen and astonishing environ-
mental and socio-ecological rates of changes, and identifying the main barriers for personal environmental
engagement. A call is done regarding the urgent need for socio-environmental ethic personal engagement
and collective actions.
RESUMEN:
El trabajo está centrado en torno a puntos de vista éticos ambientales prácticos de un ecólogo profesional.
La Ecología y la ciencia de la Socio-ecología son definidas. El marco de referencia de la iniciativa Millennium
Ecosystem Assessment (MA 2003), incluyendo a los ecosistemas como unidades de análisis ambiental, los
servicios ecosistémicos y el bienestar humano, como el centro de las evaluaciones son discutidos. Los recursos
de acceso común (RAC) y la alegoría de la tragedia de los comunes son usados para ilustrar las principales
aproximaciones ambientales científicas y éticas, y en especial para destacar el caso del cambio climático,
considerando al “aire-atmósfera” como un RAC. La necesidad de adoptar posiciones prácticas éticas
Palabras clave:
Ambiente; Socio-
ecología; Recursos
de acceso común;
Cambio climático;
Conservación;
Barreras.
Keywords:
Environment;
Socio-ecology;
Common-pool
resources; Climate
change;
Conservation;
Barriers.
Recibido: 09/09/2016
Aceptado: 08/11/2016
Cuadernos de Bioética XXVII 2016/3ª
Copyright Cuadernos de Bioética

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