L H/32 (2015-I) (18-36)
necesidades); y tercero, la transdisciplinariedad, en relación a los actores implicados o
afectados por cualquier decisión socio-política-tecnológica.
Este cambio de paradigma social requiere un cambio de paradigma educativo a tres
niveles: primero, definir un nuevo paradigma educativo que incluya en su visión y
misión los valores de la sostenibilidad; segundo, a nivel de organización y gestión, de-
finiendo cómo se organiza y gestiona la universidad en todos sus ámbitos de influen-
cia (educación, investigación, gestión); y, finalmente, en las metodologías de apren-
Palabras clave: educación superior, educación sostenible, sostenibilidad.
■ Society as it is currently organized does not have future, It is unsustainable; en-
vironmental, social, and economically. We are in a situation with a large increase
in demands on the ecosystem and a decrease in available resources that leads to the
emergence of social conflicts. This is due to the neoliberal economic paradigm that
prioritizes growth at any price without taking into account the finite limits of the
planet and increases the gap between the winners and losers of the system. Even the
European Union coined the concept of sustainable growth, which per se is an oxy-
moron in a finite system like ours.
A paradigm shift is needed in three areas; first, the framework in which we are or-
ganized from the cultural point of view (values and principles that justify needs: suf-
ficiency), structural (structure that allows to apply those values and principles) and
technological (means to meet the needs); second, innovation breaks (optimal use,
process and product improvement t and renovation based on needsn); and third,
transdisciplinarity in relation to the stakeholders involved or affected by any socio-
political and technological decision.
This change in the social paradigm requires a change of the educational paradigm at
three levels: first, define a new educational paradigm to have in its vision and mis-
sion the sustainability values. Second level is the organization and management, de-
fining how the educational system is organized and managed by the university in all
its areas of influence (education, research, management); and finally, learning meth-
Key Words: higher education, sustainable education, sustainability.