La dernière réforme du sénat de belgique

Autor:Marc Verdussen
Càrrec:Professeur á l'Universite de Louvain (UCL)
Pàgines:74-84
RESUMEN

El 2014, les disposicions de la Constitució relatives al Senat van ser revisades per canviar tant la composició com els poders de la segona Assemblea Parlamentària Federal. El resultat és decebedor. Pel que fa a la composició del nou Senat, l'objectiu de fer-ne una segona cambra que representés a cadascuna de les entitats federades, respectant-ne les peculiaritats, no s’ha assolit. Certament, 50 dels 60 senadors són elegits pels parlaments de la comunitat i de la regió. Però, d'una banda, el Senat es configura al voltant de la distinció entre flamencs i francòfons, que reflecteix la distribució de senadors entre dos grups lingüístics i, d'altra banda, la distribució de senadors entre aquests dos grups lingüístics correspon a la distribució entre la població belga, com en la Cambra de representants. Això planteja la pregunta sobre el sentit del bicameralisme. Pel que fa a les competències del nou Senat, han quedat tan reduïdes que, ara per ara, és la institució parlamentària més feble del Regne. La llista de les lleis en què el Senat pot intervenir o ha de fer-ho s’ha limitat considerablement. Paraules clau: Bèlgica; Parlament; Senat; bicameralisme; federalisme

 
CONTENIDO
#51
LA DERNIÈRE RÉFORME DU SÉNAT DE BELGIQUE
Marc Verdussen*
Résumé
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THE LATEST REFORM OF THE BELGIAN SENATE
Abstract
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in the composition and powers of the Federal Parliament’s second chamber. The result is disappointing.
As regards the composition of the new Senate, the aim of making it a second chamber representing each of the federal
entities, and respecting their particular features, has not been achieved. Admittedly, 50 of the 60 senators are elected by
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division at the heart of the Belgian population, as in the Chamber of Representatives. That poses the question of the
real meaning of bicameralism.
As far as the powers of the new Senate are concerned, these have been reduced to the point where, today, it is the
weakest parliamentary institution in the Kingdom. The list of laws that the Senate can, or must, intervene in has been
considerably restricted.
Keywords: Belgium; Parliament; Senate; bicameralism; federalism.
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Marc Verdussen
La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
Revista catalana de dret públic, núm 51, 2015 75
Sommaire
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Conclusions
Marc Verdussen
La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
Revista catalana de dret públic, núm 51, 2015 76
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L’histoire du Sénat de Belgique%UX[HOOHV5DFLQH
Marc Verdussen
La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
Revista catalana de dret públic, núm 51, 2015 77
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La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
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La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
Revista catalana de dret públic, núm 51, 2015 79
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Marc Verdussen
La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
Revista catalana de dret públic, núm 51, 2015 80
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 Documents parlementaires, 6pQDWQSS
 4PEIFFER©/pJLVODWXUHªLQDictionnaire de la Sixième réforme de l’Etat, op. citVSpFSS.
Marc Verdussen
La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
Revista catalana de dret públic, núm 51, 2015 81
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Marc Verdussen
La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
Revista catalana de dret públic, núm 51, 2015 82
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21 Documents parlementaires, 6pQDWQ9R\O¶DUWGX5qJOHPHQWGX6pQDW
Marc Verdussen
La dernière réforme du Sénat de Belgique
Revista catalana de dret públic, núm 51, 2015 83
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 Annales parlementairesRFWREUHS