Abstract: "From a perspective of Comparative Law, this study tries to analyze the trends of convergence and divergence which are taking place in recent reforms in terms of collective bargaining in the countries of the Mediterranean area, paying special attention to the Spanish and Italian case. It is a subject in which the cultural and historical differences have marked the formation of many different legal and practical models of collective bargaining in any of these countries, where practically there is no tradition of intervention of homogenization by the European Union through the mechanism of the Committees of harmonization of the working law. However, these reforms, which have not got a merely short-term or provisional nature, show clear signs of identity. From that point of view, this study tries to show how, by soft law via, the European institutions are having an influential role in the changes of the national systems of collective bargaining, with the will all of them are changed trying to help the business flexibility and the decentralization of the structure of the collective bargaining".
Key words: working reform, collective bargaining, comparative law.
Abstract: This text analyzes the special features of the collective bargaining in the Spanish public employment, especially in a problem which has become present in the budgetary situation of many public organizations. This problem is the possibility of suspending or changing the agreements and contracts negotiated with the civil servants claiming a change on the financial problems. In this work we deal with the cases in which this performance would be...