CLAUDIO PENSIERI, MASSIMILIANO VITALI AND VITTORADOLFO TAMBONE POSTHUMANIST’S VALUES IN WORLDWIDE MOVIES
CUADERNOS DE BIOÉTICA XXV 2014/3ª
in the intent of the communicator”25. This has important
implications in the ﬁeld of communication, because a
movie might convey values opposed to those the author
had in his mind (e.g. “Lo spazio Bianco” by Francesca
Without necessarily coming to the philosophical in-
terpretation of texts, as proposed by Hans-Georg Gad-
amer26, we can say that every interpretation is inﬂu-
enced by our historical prejudices. Our knowledge, that
characterizes our understanding of present, is deter-
mined by a continuous stratiﬁcation of notions that are
formed due to the ongoing dialogue between the work
and its interpreters.
This circumstance is described by an important and
sometimes misunderstood concept, the “fusion of hori-
This is the process that leads the text’s consumer in
the hermeneutic circle, in which two horizons are com-
bined, the interpreter’s one, formed by the tradition and
pre-understanding of the present, and the text’s one,
which carries inside the set of all the interpretations and
traditions that has been experienced.
Although we have not investigated “how” the
transmission of these Posthumanists values organized in
these eye-catching story lines, with great visual effects
and deep impact in population, can affect future clinical
health professional’s lives, we decided to test a method-
ology that is suitable to study their perception.
The survey we carried out, allows us to simply see
the gap between the message that according to the
posthumanist experts should be transmitted in a cer-
tain direction with respect to the message received by a
selected portion of cinematographic audience (health-
care students). We also found that the broadcasted
movie’s message is easily understood if it has a “nega-
tive” content (i.e. God/Nature had nothing to do with
the ﬁlm). The research gave interesting data especially
regarding the ability of a certain movie to convey its
meaning in the right direction. Furthermore, the ques-
25 Pensieri, C. PNL e Sanità. Teorie e tecniche della comunica-
zione medico-paziente, NLP International ltd, UK, 2009, 80.
26 Gadamer, H.G. Verità e Metodo, Bompiani, Milano, 2000.
tionnaire was easy to complete, in fact, it had a 100%
response rate. Therefore, it is possible to make the
same analysis on a larger sample.
The survey form could be reused even for other new
generation mass-media including the world of video
games for PC and consoles which are widespread among
the youth across the globe.
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