Polycentric approach to global constitutionalism and climate change

Autor:Ernani Contipelli
Pàgines:1-39
RESUMEN

The construction of the global constitutionalism’s narrative requires interpretative efforts in order to recognize, at the same time, the basic values of the constitutionalism and the irreversible fragmentation of the international order, establishing legal frameworks to stimulate collective and coordinate actions in different scales of governance specially to handle top global threats as the... (ver resumen completo)

 
EXTRACTO GRATUITO
REVISTA CATALANA DE DRET AMBIENTAL Vol. X Núm. 1 (2019): 1 39
-Estudio-
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DOI:https://doi.org/10.17345/rcda2532
POLYCENTRIC APPROACH TO GLOBAL CONSTITUTIONALISM
AND CLIMATE CHANGE
APROXIMACIÓN MULTIDIMENSIONAL AL
CONSTITUCIONALISMO GLOBAL Y AL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO
ERNANI CONTIPELLI
Professor of Climate Law and Governance
Regional Community University of Chapecó (UNOCHAPECO, Brazil)
ernanicontipelli@gmail.com
Reception: 31 January 2019 / Acceptation: 7 March 2019
Abstract: The construction of the global constitutionalism’s narrative requires
interpretative efforts in order to recognize, at the same time, the basic values of
the constitutionalism and the irreversible fragmentation of the international
order, establishing legal frameworks to stimulate collective and coordinate
actions in different scales of governance specially to handle top global threats
as the case of the climate change. The polycentricity and its alternative and
pluralistic approach that aims to maximize the potential convergence of multiple
governance units appears in this context as an appropriate analytical method to
develop a discursively narrative which generates a constitutional framework
adjusted to handle with climate change, building the idea of a micro-global-
climate-constitutionalized system. Therefore, the micro-global-climate-
constitutionalism bounded by a set of overarching rules as the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the constitutive and
regulatory documents elaborated at the decision-making process of the
Conference of Parties (COPs), specially the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris
Agreement, supports the international climate regime, generating a scheme of
comprehensive values and principles through uniform standards that oriented
coordinated initiatives of higher and lower levels of authority towards a dynamic
and progressive model of governing.
E. Contipelli RCDA Vol. X Núm. 1 (2019): 1 39
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RESUMEN: La construcción de la narrativa del constitucionalismo global
requiere esfuerzos interpretativos para reconocer, al mismo tiempo, los valores
básicos del constitucionalismo y la fragmentación irreversible del orden
internacional, estableciendo marcos legales para estimular acciones colectivas
y coordinadas a diferentes escalas de gobernanza especialmente para abordar
las principales amenazas mundiales como el caso del cambio climático. La
policentricidad y su enfoque alternativo y pluralista, que pretende maximizar la
convergencia potencial de múltiples unidades de gobernanza, aparece en este
contexto como un método analítico apropiado para desarrollar una narrativa
discursiva que genere un marco constitucional ajustado al cambio climático,
construyendo la idea de un sistema constitucionalizado climático micro global.
Por lo tanto, el constitucionalismo climático micro global delimitado por un
conjunto de reglas generales como la Convención Marco de las Naciones
Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (CMNUCC) y los documentos constitutivos y
regulatorios elaborados en el proceso de toma de decisiones de la Conferencia
de las Partes (COP), especialmente el Protocolo de Kyoto y el Acuerdo de
París, respaldan el régimen internacional del clima, generando un esquema de
valores y principios integrales a través de estándares uniformes que orienten
iniciativas coordinadas de niveles de autoridad más altos y más bajos hacia un
modelo de gobierno dinámico y progresivo.
RESUM: La construcció de la narrativa del constitucionalisme global requereix
esforços interpretatius per tal de reconèixer, alhora, els valors bàsics del
constitucionalisme i la fragmentació irreversible de l’ordre internacional,
establint marcs legals per estimular accions col·lectives i coordinades a
diferents escales de governança especialment per abordar les principals
amenaces mundials com és el cas del canvi climàtic. La policentricitat i el seu
enfocament alternatiu i pluralista, que pretén maximitzar la convergència
potencial de múltiples unitats de governança, apareix en aquest context com un
mètode analític adequat per desenvolupar una narrativa discursiva que generi
un marc constitucional ajustat al canvi climàtic, construint la idea d’un sistema
constitucionalitzat climàtic micro global. Per tant, el constitucionalisme climàtic
micro global delimitat per un conjunt de regles generals com la Convenció Marc
RCDA Vol. X Núm. 1 (2019): 1 39 Polycentric Approach to Global…
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de les Nacions Unides sobre el Canvi Climàtic (CMNUCC) i els documents
constitutius i normatius elaborats en el procés de presa de decisions de la
Conferència de les Parts (COP), especialment el Protocol de Kyoto i l'Acord de
París, donen suport al règim climàtic internacional, generant un esquema de
valors i principis integrals a través de normes uniformes que orienten iniciatives
coordinades de nivells d'autoritat superior i inferior cap a un model dinàmic i
progressiu de govern.
KEYWORDS: Polycentricity Globalization Fragmentation Global
Constitutionalism Climate Change.
PALABRAS CLAVE: Policentrismo Globalización Fragmentación
Constitucionalismo global Cambio climático.
PARAULES CLAU: Policentricitat Globalització Fragmentació
Constitucionalisme global Canvi climàtic.
SUMMARY: I. Introduction. II. Global Constitutionalism. 1. Globalization and Nation-States. 2.
Concept of Global Constitutionalism. II. Polycentric Approach and Climate Change. 1.
Fragmentation: Polycentric Approach to Coping with Climate Change. III. Global Climate
Constitutionalism? IV. Conclusion. V. References.
I. INTRODUCTION
The polycentric method pursues an alternative and pluralistic approach that
balances the potential costs and benefits of having multiple, often overlapping
domains of governance, to investigate social changes. In what concerns the
question of global problems such as the climate crisis, which involves collective
actions and transcends boundaries, polycentricity has to develop an approach
to effectively reach the essence of the issues of common concern, which must
be faced by the entire humanity, with cooperative efforts.
The global constitutionalism’s narrative, in this context, appears as a
mechanism to establish a set of comprehensive and overarching values,
principles, and rules, which aim to insure the necessary coordination among
polycentric pledges that have been developing in distinct scales of governance,
with the participation of different actors and stakeholders, to cope with climate
change.

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