Outsourcing and supply chains

Autor:Anna Ginès i Fabrellas - Andrés Camargo Rodríguez
Cargo:Associate professor Labor Law and Social Security, ESADE-Universitat Ramón Llull- ESADE Law School - PhD candidate, Pompeu Fabra University
Páginas:4-148
RESUMEN

The Comparative Labor Law Dossier includes the national regulation about outsourcing and supply chains in France (F. de Rostolan and G. Navarro), Germany (A. Sthör), Italy (N. Rossi), Portugal (C. de Oliveira and A. Lambelho), Spain (J. Peña), United Kingdom (R. M. Walden), Brazil (E. Pragmacio and R. Araújo), Peru (R. Saco y K. Canova), Uruguay (M. Garmendía), Costa Rica (A. Godinez and I.... (ver resumen completo)

 
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IUSLabor 1/2019
4
COMPARATIVE LABOR LAW DOSSIER
OUTSOURCING AND SUPPLY CHAINS
Coordinated by Anna Ginès i Fabrellas (Associate professor Labor Law and Social
Security, ESADE-Universitat Ramón Llull- ESADE Law School) and Andrés Camargo
Rodríguez (PhD candidate, Pompeu Fabra University).
Abstract
The Comparative Labor Law Dossier (CLLD) in this issue 1/2019 of IUSLabor is
dedicated to Outsourcing and supply chains. We have had the collaboration of
internationally renowned academics and professionals from France, Germany, Italy,
Portugal, Spain, the UK, Brazil, Peru, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Panama, China and India.
El Comparative Labor Law Dossier (CLLD) de este número 1/2019 de IUSLabor está
dedicado a la subcontratación y cadenas de suministro. Se ha contado con la
participación de aca démicos y profesionales de prestigio de Alemania, España, Francia,
Italia, Portugal, Reino Unido, Brasil, Perú, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Panamá, China e
India.
Título: Comparative Labor Law Dossier. Outsourcing and supply chains.
Keywords: Collective agreements, equal treatment, joint liability, outsourcing, supply
chains.
Palabras clave: Convenios colectivos, igualdad de tra to, responsabilidad solidaria,
subcontratación, cadenas de producción
IUSLabor 1/2019, ISSN 1699-2938, p. 4-148.
DOI. 10.31009/IUSLabor.2019.i01.01
IUSLabor 1/2019
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Summary
1. Outsourcing and supply chains in France by Foulques de Rostolan and
Guillaume Navarro
2. Outsourcing and supply chains in Germany by Alexander Stöhr
3. Outsourcing and supply chains in Italy by Nicolò Rossi
4. Outsourcing and supply chains in Portugal by Catarina de Oliveira Carvalho
and Ana Lambelho
5. Outsourcing and supply chains in Spain by Juan Peña Moncho
6. Outsourcing and supply chains in the UK by Roger M. Walden
7. Externalización y cadenas de producción en Brasil por Eduardo Pragmácio y
Rayane Araújo Castelo Branco Rayol.
8. Externalización y cadenas de producción en en Perú por Raúl G. Saco Barrios
y Karla Canova Talledo
9. Externalización y cadenas de producción en Uruguay por Mario Garmendia
Arigón
10. Externalización y cadenas de producción en Costa Rica por Alexander Godinez
e Isabel Cristina Jaramillo
11. Externalización y cadenas de producción en Panamá por Carlos Ayala
Montero
12. Outsourcing and supply chains in Canada by Eric Tucker, Leah F. Vosko,
John Grundy and Alec Stromdahl
13. Outsourcing and supply chains in China by Xiaohui Ban
14. Outsourcing and supply chains in India by Durgambini A. Patel
IUSLabor 1/2019
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OUTSOURCING AND SUPPLY CHAINS IN FRANCE
Foulques de Rostolan
Attorney, Partner, Gide Loyrette Nouel, Paris
Guillaume Navarro
Attorney, Partner, Gide Loyrette Nouel, Paris
Introduction
Outsourcing is an operation whereby an entity, known as the user company, entrusts
another, known as the subcontractor, the task of executing, according to pre-established
specifications, a part of the acts of production and services for which the user company
retains its responsibility1. This operation is carried out according to an outsourcing
contract between the user company and the subcontractor. This contract’s object is the
performing of work requested in exchange of remuneration2.
Indeed, a contract must be considered to be an outsourcing contract when a company
(the subcontractor) offers to the user company (the company that outsources its
production) a service carried out by the subcontractor’s employees, who remain under
the direction and responsibility of the subcontractor. Therefore, outsourcing involves
that the subcontractor must carry out a work determined in return of remuneration3.
The concept of outsourcing also encompasses transfer of undertakings pursuant to
article L. 1224-1 and following of the French Labour Code4. In this context, a
company (transferor) transfers to another company (transferee) a part of its business.
Under certain conditions, the employment contracts attached to the business
transferred by the user company are automatically transferred to the subcontractor on
the same terms and conditions.
By contrast, the purpose of temporary workers and temporary employment agencies
is to place one or more employees at the disposal of another company, generally for a
fixed period. This activity is strictly ruled by 635 articles of the Labour Code. All
lawful cases of outsourcing or temporary placement are characterized by a tripartite
relationship between a provider company, a user company and workers.
It is noteworthy to precise that new forms of legal temporary placement have recently
1 Article 1 of the law n° 75-1334 of 31 December 1975 (as amended).
2 Court of Appeal of Toulouse 11 April 2005 n° 04/03168: Bull. inf. C. cass. 2005 n° 2069.
3 CJCE 23 April 2009 aff. 533/07: D. 2009.1489.
4 Labour Division (chambre socia le) of the Court of Cassation, 16 March 1999 n°96-44.843.
5 Article L. 1251-1 to L.1251-63 of the French Labour Code.

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