perdió una oportunidad única ya que por mandato constitucional esta norma
era la adecuada para dotarle de contenido.
El trabajo presenta su innovación al ser el primero que realiza un análisis legal
sobre el Código Orgánico del Ambiente, así como por abrir diversas líneas de
debate sobre su implementación, posibles reformas, y oportunidades para la
conservación del medio ambiente en un país megadiverso como el Ecuador.
The Ecuadorian legislation on environmental issues was dispersed during
decades, with few efforts to codify it. Since the Environmental Organic Code
entered into effect, Ecuador has a specific and updated norm which is in
coherence with the constitutional dispositions, that tend to guarantee a
healthy environment and the protection of the rights of the nature.
The paper analyzes national and international literature related to the structure
of the new Code, and makes a critical study of each chapter of this new law.
The results of the analysis show some wise choices made by the Ecuadorian
legislator who provided an updated instrument that contains the Ecuadorian
paradigm of a new model of development, well-being or “Sumak kawsay”; on
the other hand, there is still evidence of a centralized model dependent on the
National Environmental Authority linked directly to the President, also there
is a lack of development of the concept of the rights of the nature, which
means that the legislator lost a unique opportunity, as the Constitution
established that the Environmental Organic Code was supposed to be the
adequate form to develop this concept.
The innovation of this analysis is that this is the first time a legal study of the
Ecuadorian Environmental Code is done; moreover, it opens diverse lines to
debate about the implementation, possible reforms and opportunities that this
law could bring to the conservation of the environment in a megadiverse
country like Ecuador.
Palabras clave: Legislación Ambiental; Código Orgánico del Ambiente;
Derechos de la Naturaleza; Ecuador
Key words: Environmental legislation; Environmental Organic Code; Rights
of the Nature; Ecuador