Does Post-Humanism Still Need Ethics? The Normativity of an Open Nature

Autor:José Ignacio Murillo Gómez
Cargo:ICS, 'Mind-brain: Biology and Subjectivity in Contemporary Philosophy and Neuroscience', Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Departamento de Filosofía. Universidad de Navarra
Páginas:469-479
RESUMEN

In the current era, post-humanism usually adopts two forms. One of these is related to postmodern thought and its critique of Enlightenment ideals, while the other, which is usually referred to as ‘transhumanism’, declares itself the heir to optimistic belief in the technological progress of modernity. Nevertheless, both seem like new versions of the struggle between an individualist version of... (ver resumen completo)

 
EXTRACTO GRATUITO
JOSÉ IGNACIO MURILLO DOES POST-HUMANISM STILL NEED ETHICS? THE NORMATIVITY OF AN OPEN NATURE
CUADERNOS DE BIOÉTICA XXV 2014/3ª
469
DOES POSTHUMANISM STILL NEED ETHICS? THE
NORMATIVITY OF AN OPEN NATURE
NECESITA EL POSTHUMANISMO LA ÉTICA? LA NORMATIVIDAD DE
UNA NATURALEZA ABIERTA
JOSÉ IGNACIO MURILLO
ICS, “Mind-brain: Biology and Subjectivity in Contemporary Philosophy and Neuroscience”.
Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Departamento de Filosofía. Universidad de Navarra.
Edificio Bibliotecas - Campus Universitario. Despacho 2320. 31009 PAMPLONA
jmurillo@unav.es
ABSTRACT:
In the current era, post-humanism usually adopts two forms. One of these is related to postmodern
thought and its critique of Enlightenment ideals, while the other, which is usually referred to as
‘transhumanism’, declares itself the heir to optimistic belief in the technological progress of modernity.
Nevertheless, both seem like new versions of the struggle between an individualist version of liberalism
and its critics. In so far as they are ethical proposals, we may hold them to account for the vagueness of
their moral objectives, which only seem to advocate –each in its own way– emancipation and the removal
of barriers that may impede an increase in power. This defect is not, though, independent of their rejection
of the notion of nature. By contrast, classical ethics does not focus so much on power or emancipation as
on the nature of human telos and of his true growth, and it is only from this standpoint that it concerns
itself with the means by which this can be achieved.
RESUMEN:
El posthumanismo de nuestra época suele adoptar dos formas. Una de ellas se encuentra emparentada
con el pensamiento posmoderno y con su crítica de los ideales ilustrados, mientras que la otra, que se suele
denominar transhumanismo, se declara heredera del optimismo en el progreso tecnológico de la modernidad.
Ambas aparecen como dos nuevas formas de la pugna entre una versión individualista del liberalismo
individualista y sus críticos. En cuanto propuestas éticas, cabe achacarles la vaguedad de los objetivos que
proponen, pues su propuesta moral parece reducirse a propugnar, cada uno a su modo, la emancipación y
eliminar las barreras que pueden dificultar el incremento del poder para los seres humanos. Pero este defecto
no es independiente de su rechazo de la noción de naturaleza. Frente a ellos, la ética clásica no se centra
tanto en el poder o en la emancipación como en la naturaleza del fin y del verdadero crecimiento humano,
y solo desde ahí se preocupa por los medios para alcanzarlo.
Keywords:
Post-humanism,
transhumanism,
nature, power,
emancipation.
Palabras clave:
Posthumanismo,
transhumanismo,
naturaleza, poder,
emancipación.
Recibido: 18/10/2013
Aceptado: 23/06/2014
Cuadernos de Bioética XXV 2014/3ª
Copyright Cuadernos de Bioética
“Sapientis est non curare de nominibus”. This apho-
rism urges us not to dwell on words, however evocative,
but to seek their real meanings. Words such as post-
humanism or transhumanism are quite often used to
refer to ambitious political and cultural projects. Here I
understand post-humanism to mean the cultural move-

Para continuar leyendo

SOLICITA TU PRUEBA