Abstract

Páginas:265-266
 
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THE TOLEDO PACT IN TIMES OF THE COVID-19. Joaquín Aparicio Tovar
Abstract:
The Toledo Pacts are a device of political agreement which, since 1995,
tries to leave the Social Security System out of the electoral contest. These Pacts
show the master lines through which the necessary reforms must go by in each
historical context. In the 2008 crisis, the European Union advocated auster-
ity policies which eroded severely the social rights, included the Social Secu-
rity System. With the COVID-19 crisis the reaction of the EU has been different
and the proposals of the Toledo Pacts of 2020 are really far from the previous
reforms, especially that of 2013.
Keywords:
European Union, Crisis, Social Security, austerity policies, pensions.
THE MINIMUM LIVING INCOME: THE PENSION WHICH PURSUES TO BE SUBSIDY. ANALY-
SIS OF THE RDL 20/2020, OF 29TH MAY AND ITS CHANGES. Rafael Gómez Gordillo
Abstract:
The RDL 20/2020 configures the minimum living income as a non-con-
tributory benefit of the Spanish system of social security, with variable amount
and indefinite length, which tries to ensure the beneficiaries the minimum
material conditions. This new benefit contributes to complete the task begun
in the nineties with the approval of the non-contributory benefits Law. The
delay in the complement legislative work allows us to spotlight the importance
of the recent regulatory action, which moves forward in the achievement of the
objective set by the art. 41CE, consolidating the non-contributory level of the
system. Its legal system introduces important novelties which affect the way of
delimitation of the contingency to cover, the individual and group methods of
benefit, the use of the age as an access requirement, the compatibility of the ben-
efit of the law with the self-employment or workers for others, the absorption
of other benefits or the transitional system of recognition. Notwithstanding the
foregoing, we expect the applicative experience facilitates a quick reorder of the
protective action of the non-contributory subsytems, in a progression to a more
ambitious interpretation of the constitutional precept, which raises the levels
of protection (principle of objective universality), which satisfies individually
the needs of each person (principle of subjective universality), and improves the
protection in quantitative terms (principle of sufficiency).
Keywords:
Minimum living income, basic income, minimum income, non-
contributory pension.
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