• Cuadernos de Gibraltar

Editorial:
Universidad de Cádiz
Fecha publicación:
2020-03-06

Últimos documentos

  • Gibraltar, Land Reclamation, the Environment and Brexit

    The implementation of EU environmental legislation in Gibraltar will be analyzed in this Paper. An study strongly affected by the historical Anglo-Spanish dispute concerning sovereignty over Gibraltar (Rock and Isthmus), which also extends to the surrounding maritime spaces, the airspace over the territory and the internal waters of the port of Gibraltar. Since environmental matters are the responsibility of the Government of Gibraltar, this latter is also responsible for transposing environmental directives, whereas the UK is answerable to the EU for compliance with them. It also will be analyzed the lack of cooperation between the States, that is evidenced by the overlapping of spaces protected surrounding Gibraltar, as Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and Special Areas of Conservation (SAC), for which the adoption of conservation measures is envisaged, including regulation of fishing activity and navigation, environmental impact assessment of projects with transboundary effects that may derive from the practice of land reclamation (in accordance with the Environmental Impact Assessment Directive), pollution prevention, bunkering and scientific research. For several years, these activities have been challenged at the European level by the NGO ‘Campo de Gibraltar Verdemar-Ecologists in Action Association’, and have also been the subject of complaints and protests on the part of the Spanish Government to the UK. Finally, the effect of Brexit on marine environment protection and the expansion of maritime spaces around Gibraltar will be studied, specially the Spanish-British Memorandum of Understanding of 2018 on environmental cooperation which was referenced by the Protocol on Gibraltar included in the Agreement on the Withdrawal of the UK from the EU. KEYWORDS: Gibraltar, Brexit, European Union, Disputes, Territorial claims, cross-border cooperation, environmental cooperation, Land reclamation, Withdrawal Treaty, Protocol, Memorandum of Understanding –MoU, maritime zones, Sites of Community Importance –SCI.

  • Gibraltar, España y Reino Unido en la negociación del Brexit: ¿viejos problemas, nuevas soluciones?

    El Brexit viene plagado de retos e incertidumbres. Algunos de ellos atañen directamente a Gibraltar, cuya población y autoridades están siendo testigos, no sin cierto temor, de un proceso que podría desposeerles de su privilegiado y singular régimen en Europa. El establecimiento de las bases de la futura relación de Gibraltar con la UE requerirá de acuerdos separados entre la UE y Reino Unido, que deberán contar, en todo caso, con el visto bueno previo de España. En este trabajo se analiza el régimen transitorio acordado para Gibraltar hasta la salida definitiva del Reino Unido de la Unión Europea a la par que se propone un nuevo modelo jurídico internacional y europeo para Gibraltar, capaz de asentar las bases sobre las que resolver de manera definitiva la controversia territorial a medio-largo plazo. PALABRAS CLAVE: Gibraltar, istmo, Brexit, Naciones Unidas, Tratado de Utrecht, memorandos de entendimiento, cosoberanía, fiscalidad, ciudadanía, medio ambiente, tabaco, seguridad y aduanas, Unión Europea, cosoberanía parcial.

  • Las Las negociaciones sobre el Brexit y Gibraltar. Perspectiva del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, UE y Cooperación
  • Claves sobre la singularidad de La Linea de La Concepción a la luz del Derecho Internacional y del Derecho europeo - Informe Previo
  • El Brexit y Gibraltar, reflexiones desde el Campo de Gibraltar
  • Beneroso Ramos, José: Franco en Gibraltar, marzo de 1935. Antecedentes, desarrollo y consecuencias de una conspiración silenciada. Ed.: ImagenTa; Tarifa, 2018, 328 páginas.
  • Orozco Torres, Luis Ernesto y Villegas Delgado, César (Coordinadores Generales), Europa y España frente al Brexit, Retos y Alternativas, Editorial Tirant lo Blanch (Monografías), Ciudad de México, 2019, 128 pp.
  • The Consecuences of Brexit for Gibraltar

    Within the framework of negotiations between the United Kingdom (UK) and the European Union (EU), a Protocol on Gibraltar was included in the Agreement on the Withdrawal of the UK from the EU, signed in January 2020. That Protocol makes reference to the four bilateral agreements or Anglo-Spanish Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) on citizens’ rights, tobacco and other products, environmental cooperation and police and customs cooperation, with provision for the adoption of an international treaty on taxation and protection of financial interests. Withdrawal Agreement negotiations have implied a major shake-up in Anglo-Spanish relations concerning Gibraltar, as Spain is recognized as an essential role for the application of EU law to said territory. This position of negotiating strength is maintained since after leaving the UK the EU must reach an agreement on the future EU-UK Relations Treaty before the end of the transitional period in December 2020. Spain’s relationship with the UK and Gibraltar is also conditioned by the express recognition given to the competent authorities (not only those of Gibraltar, but also those of the surrounding area) in the Memoranda of Understanding as well as in the Protocol on Gibraltar adopted by the EU and the UK.

  • The Road to Brexit: Ten UK Procedures towards Leaving the EU

    This paper offers a concise explanation of each of the ten most relevant legal and procedural issues, in their political context and in chronological order, that have arisen in the United Kingdom since the British voted to activate the EU’s new and hitherto unused Article 50 TEU withdrawal clause. KEY WORDS: Brexit, Withdrawal from the European Unión, Article 50 TEU, United Kingdom, Negotiations.

  • Gibraltar, ¿costa española? Por una reformulación de la teoría de la 'costa seca' sobre el puerto y las aguas en torno al Peñón

    Una de las facetas legales y políticas específicas de la disputa entre España y Gran Bretaña sobre Gibraltar son las zonas marítimas a su alrededor. La disputa se extiende a las aguas alrededor de la Roca, sus zonas marítimas y la jurisdicción sobre ellas, ya que, con la excepción de las aguas del puerto, España rechaza la existencia de aguas jurisdiccionales británicas alrededor de la Roca, mientras que el Reino Unido siempre las ha reclamado y ejercido jurisdicción de facto sobre ellas. España niega la existencia de aguas pertenecientes a Gibraltar, pero, en la práctica, permite el ejercicio de la jurisdicción británica dentro de una extensión establecida unilateralmente por el Reino Unido, sin distinguir entre las aguas de la Roca y las del istmo. El Reino Unido afirma una supuesta soberanía sobre las aguas alrededor de la Roca, pero su posición inicial de que las aguas que rodean el istmo son británicas es legalmente débil.

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